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- 2022 / The Tenth Annual Scientific Conference “ The mental health of the Syrian family : Towards integrated mental health care ”

- 2021 / The Ninth Annual Scientific Conference “ Syrian's Psychological Needs and Long Term Mental Health for the Next Stage ”

- 2020 / The Eighth Annual Scientific Conference “ Psychosocial effects of the Syrian Crises : Mental Health of the Syrian Family ”

- 2019 / The Seventh Annual Scientific Conference “ Developing mental health services for Syrians and building capacity of mental health professionals ”

- 2018 / The Sixth Annual Scientific Conference “ Moving from crisis situation to sustainable services ”

- 2017 / The Fifth Annual Scientific Conference “ Mental Health for the Syrians from suffering to rebuilding ”

- 2016 / The Fourth Annual Scientific Conference “ Mental health care for Syrian refugees and internally displaced ”

- 2015 / The Third Annual Scientific Conference “ Towards Better Mental Health for all Syrians ”

- 2014 / The Second Annual Scientific Conference “ For better mental health care during crisis ”

- 2012 / The First Annual Scientific Conference “ Syrian people from pain to hope ”

Improving mental health care in Syria, Dr Nadim Almoshmosh, FRCPsych

How do you improve the skills of mental health workers in war-torn Syria? And what is their role in helping young Syrians build a better future?

Dr Almoshmosh’s report from the SAMH 6th Conference ... The conference on 5-6th May, arranged in cooperation with Syrian American Medical Society (SAMS), had the theme “Moving from crisis response to sustainable services” ...

The impact of six years of war on the mental health of Syria’s children, INVISIBLE WOUNDS

For the past six years, children in Syria have been bombed and starved. They have seen their friends and families die before their eyes or buried under the rubble of their homes. They have watched their schools and hospitals destroyed, been denied food, medicine and vital aid, and been torn apart from their families and friends as they flee the fighting. Every year that the war goes on plumbs new, previously unimaginable depths of violence against children, and violations of international law by all sides.

“The children are psychologically crushed and tired. When we do activities like singing with them, they don’t respond at all. They don’t laugh like they would normally. They draw images of children being butchered in the war, or tanks, or the siege and the lack of food.”
Teacher in the besieged town of Madaya to Save the Children

Mental health and psychosocial needs of Syrian refugees and the role of Syrian non-governmental organisations, Dr. Nadim Almoshmosh, Dr. Mamoun Mobayed and Dr. Mohammad Aljendi

Civil demonstrations that began in March 2011 were met with force which escalated into a civil war that now is in its sixth year. Millions of Syrians, almost half the Syrian population, have been displaced either internally or as refugees in neighbouring countries and beyond.

The number of registered refugees recorded by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) now stands at 4.8 million, with just under half a million of these being resident in camps (data from the UNHCR portal, http://data., August 2016). As is often the case in armed conflicts, civilians are the main victims, and we highlight here their mental health and psychosocial needs along with the response from Syrian non-governmental organisations (NGOs).

World Mental Health Day "10.10.2016" , WORLD FEDERATION OF MENTAL HEALTH

World Mental Health Day (10 October) is a day for global mental health education, awareness and advocacy. It was first celebrated in 1992 at the initiative of the World Federation for Mental Health, a global mental health organization with members and contacts in many countries. On this day, each October, thousands of supporters observe an annual awareness program to bring attention to Mental Illness and its major effects on people’s lives worldwide. In some countries this day is part of an awareness week, such as Mental Illness Awareness Week in the US and Mental Health Week in Australia.

This years's theme ‘Dignity in Mental Health-Psychological & Mental Health First Aid for All’ will enable us to contribute to the goal of taking mental health out of the shadows so that people in general feel more confident in tackling the stigma, isolation and discrimination that continues to plague people with mental health conditions, their families and carers...

The Syrian Refugee Taskforce , The Royal College of Psychiatrists , London

The first meeting of the Syrian Refugees Taskforce took place on Thursday 21st July at the RCPsych Headquarters in London.

RCPsych Members, representatives from Public Health England and the British Psychological Society came together to hear presentation about the situation in Syria and to discuss the role of the RCPsych in meeting the needs of Syrian Refugees in refugee camps in the region and those who were in the UK ...

The need for trauma-based services in the Middle-East , Walid Abdul-Hamid , Jamie Hacker Hughes & Sian Morgan

One of the lectures delivered at The 4th-Conference on the psychological and social sequela of Syrian crisis

The role of war trauma survivors in managing their own mental conditions, Syria civil war as an example , Dr Nadim Almoshmosh

War trauma leads to a wide range of psychological consequences and disorders that can be quite disabling to individuals and their families. At times of war, existing resources become strained to cope with all demands of trauma sufferers. The survivors’ role of managing their own mental conditions becomes highly important and relevant as a way of reducing the resulted suffering. Unfortunately, this role is often ignored or trivialized by all concerned. The self‑efficacy and resilience of people are the factors not to be underestimated and should be built upon.

Reaching solutions are generally more satisfying and long‑lasting when the affected person has taken a positive active part in finding them. Encouraging the use of own resources and experiences and using own problem‑solving skills can be all that is needed for survivors to feel enabled. Engaging survivors and focusing on promoting recovery and social inclusion along with the use of self‑help skills make them feel more positive about their own conditions. Being more involved, taking even small steps reduces the development of learned helplessness and reduces the psychiatric morbidities...

Assessing mental health and psychosocial needs and resources: toolkit for humanitarian settings, World Health Organization

Mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) is a term used to describe a wide range of actions that address social, psychological and psychiatric problems that are either pre-existing or emergency-induced. These actions are carried out in highly different contexts by organizations and people with different professional backgrounds, in different sectors and with different types of resources. All these different actors – and their donors – need practical assessments leading to recommendations that can be used immediately to improve people’s mental health and well-being...

Psychological first aid: Guide for field workers, World Health Organization

When terrible things happen in our communities, countries and the world, we want to reach out a helping hand to those who are affected. This guide covers psychological first aid which involves humane, supportive and practical help to fellow human beings suffering serious crisis events. It is written for people in a position to help others who have experienced an extremely distressing event. It gives a framework for supporting people in ways that respect their dignity, culture and abilities. Despite its name, psychological first aid covers both social and psychological support.

Assessment and Management of Conditions Specifically Related to Stress

This Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) Intervention Guide module contains assessment and management advice related to acute stress, post-traumatic stress and grief in non-specialized health settings...

Culture, Context and the Mental Health and Psychosocial Wellbeing of Syrians

A Review for Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Staff Working with Syrians Affected by Armed Conflict. 2015 ...

Mental health consequences of the Syrian crisis, Dr Nadim Almoshmosh , 21/09/2015

- What started as a dream for freedom has become a nightmare
- Civil demonstration were faced with brutal regime response from day one
- External interference with various agendas
- Hesitation from international community to find a solution
- Heavier indiscriminate bombardment continued ...

EMDR for Syrian refugees with posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms

The most common mental health problems among refugees are depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is an effective treatment for PTSD. However, no previous randomized controlled trial (RCT) has been published on treating PTSD symptoms in a refugee camp population.

War traumas in the Mediterranean area, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Maria Francesca Moro and Judith Bass

Introduction: The purpose is to explore the consequences of war and its impact on mental health with attention to the Mediterranean area.

Narrative review of consequences of war on mental health and on the mental health of the communities in the current crises in the Mediterranean region.

Mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of Syrians affected by armed conflict

Authors: G. Hassan, P. Ventevogel, H. Jefee-Bahloul, A. Barkil-Oteo and L. J. Kirmayer

This paper is based on a report commissioned by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, which aims to provide information on cultural aspects of mental health and psychosocial wellbeing relevant to care and support for Syrians affected by the crisis...



WORLD MENTAL HEALTH DAY THEME FOR 2015, ”Dignity in Mental Health”, 10 October 2015






- Egyptian Society for the Rights of People with Mental Illness
- Vox Pro Salud Mental
- Psychiatric Association for Eastern Europe and the Balkans
- Enosh, the Israel Mental Health Association
- Syrian Association for Mental Health



Exploring the Mental health Needs and Suffering of Syrian refugees / Dr. Nadim Almoshmosh

Syrian people were part of the “Arab Spring” and started an uprisal against their oppressive regime aiming for political change and freedom. The Syrian regime responded with extreme force and brutality from day one that led later on to what is now described as civil war.

An estimated 9 million people have fled their homes since the start of the Syrian crisis in 2011, taking refuge in neighbouring countries or within Syria itself. According to the United Nation UNHCR over 3 millions have fled to Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq.

Guidelines for the Management of Conditions Specifically Related to Stress / World Health Organization

Traumatic events are common in people’s lives. In a WHO study of 21 countries, more than 10% of respondents reported witnessing violence (21.8%) or experiencing interpersonal violence (18.8%), accidents (17.7%), exposure to war (16.2%) or trauma to a loved one (12.5%) (Stein et al., 2009). Stress-related problems and disorders are also common. A meta-analysis of post-conflict studies using representative samples and full diagnostic assessment found that 15.4% of people reported posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 17.3% reported depression (Steel et al., 2009)...